A survey has revealed that the Nigeria Police Force, power sector, education, judiciary and health ministry are the top five most corrupt institutions in Nigeria.
The survey was carried out by the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) across the six geopolitical zones in the country, including Abuja.
Speaking on the report, the Deputy Director of SERAP, Kolawole Oluwadare, said: “A bribe is paid in 54 per cent of interactions with the Police. In fact, there is a 63 per cent probability that an average Nigerian would be asked to pay a bribe each time he or she interacted with the Police. That is almost two out of three.
“The likelihood of bribery in the power sector stood at 49 per cent, while the chances of encountering bribery at the judiciary, education and health services stood at 27 per cent, 25 per cent and 20 per cent, respectively.”
The survey also indicated the perception of Nigerians towards the corruption fight of President Muhammadu Buhari.
The report read: “Corruption is still a key concern in the country with 70 per cent of Nigerians describing the level of corruption as high and in the same measure, stating that corruption levels either increased or remained the same in the last five years”.
“From the analysis of the anti-corruption legal and institutional framework in Nigeria, the following cross-cutting issues emerged: there is lack of political goodwill to consistently enforce the different anti-corruption laws; inadequate funding for the various anti-corruption agencies; weak public support and/or ownership of anti-corruption initiatives; poor clarity of roles between various anti-corruption agencies; and public perceptions of politicization of corruption arrests and prosecutions.
“The ranking of the education sector and the judiciary was less adverse with 16 per cent perceiving bribery as the main avenue of accessing services in the institutions, and health services recording 13 per cent.
“Perceptions on corruption trends in Nigeria show almost 70 per cent of the respondents perceived the current level of corruption as high compared to 15.5 per cent that felt it was low.
“Additionally, some respondents believed that the current anti-corruption efforts are not comprehensive enough. The poor state of the economy was also seen as a driving factor to increased corruption.
The respondents identified poor coordination among the different state players, lack of political will from the government and weak public support were ranked as key obstacles.
the report suggested that independent body should be set up to investigate corruption in the public sector, while also asking the Inspector General of Police to always act swiftly when complaints are made by members of the public.